Acceptance then brings in peace and joy. Demonstrating consensus decision making as an effective component of a Highest Good society, when conducted by people with the consciousness for The Highest Good of All, is a path to positive and permanent global change. There are variations among different groups regarding the degree of agreement necessary to finalize a Consensus decision making is also an alternative to “top-down” decision making, commonly practiced in hierarchical groups. Conditions that Favor Unanimity It is a mechanism that a leader can use to gather pertinent information before making a decision. After a formal decision making process, a decision is ratified when there are no meaningful or “paramount” objections. The idea is passed around and the pros and cons are discussed. The founding team of One Community has been specifically trained in consensus by One Community consultants Dr. Connie Stomper and Jack Reed (author of The Next Evolution). Consensus is a decision-making process that works creatively to include all persons making the decision. Definition []. If both of these 80% votes succeed, a decision will be made in accordance with the will of the 80% majority. Q: Will every decision be made by consensus? Many people believe that consensus is the same thing as unanimous agreement, but this is not necessarily the case. Then, if clarity is still needed between the parties involved, the disputes are settled by the following flexible options, always bringing in love and creativity: This system is flexible with each situation, and the parties involved can choose the options. Groups using this process commit themselves to the goal of generating as much agreement as possible. Listen to … The consensus-style decision-making process is the foundation stone of Whole Foods Market. Let’s change our traditional attitudes to the attitude that we can make it work for everyone. Consensus is a decision-making approach that seeks to secure the support of the whole group for the decision at hand. Critics of Robert’s Rules believe that the process can involve adversarial debate and the formation of competing factions. Unlike majority rule, which expects those expressing disagreement to cooperate when they “lose” the vote, consensus seeks cooperation among all before the decision is made, thus a higher level decision is available and cooperation is more easily accomplished. Different groups may have different decision rules (standards for how much agreement is necessary to finalize a decision). A decision that is acceptable to every is called a _consensus decision_. Simply vetoing a decision is not considered a responsible use of blocking. The web-based software is built as a drupal module, and is intended as a format in which large numbers of users can come to consensus group decisions. Unanimity is achieved when the full group consents to a decision. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. It is a commitment to equality, communication, and creative solutions with the ultimate end result being a maximally empowered and effective group creative process. You create a new model and make the old one obsolete. Decision-making methods are a vital part of any groups’ identity and functionality, yet they can often be taken for granted or put into place without much consideration. Q: After the 90-day point, why must all members be present until full-consensus is achieved? Individual preferences should not, however, obstructively impede the progress of the group. Increases will be made when sufficient votes (starting with 70%+) agree we are ready. Consensus Decision-Making: A New Way of Making Public Policy Choices Posted in The ADR Blog | 0 comments Many people are familiar with the concept of interest-based negotiation which is widely used in public school, postal service and manufacturing negotiations. After reading this article or watching the video, you can test your knowledge by taking this POST-TEST. Consensus is distinctly different from an adversarial process wherein participants compete for the group’s support, and the concerns of the losing parties are not addressed by the winning proposal. Consensus Decision Making. When there is potential for a group decision to be blocked, both the group and any dissenters in the group are encouraged to collaborate until agreement can be reached. These are symbols that our hearts are open and we have begun to share in a greater wisdom than any one of us possess individually such that we can make decisions that work for everyone. This process does not emphasize the goal of full agreement (as consensus does). Organizers, then, should be familiar with the advantages and disadvantages of both voting and consensus systems to build more functional teams. Consensus is defined as "an opinion or position reached by a group as a whole" by the American Heritage Dictionary. Consensus is usually defined as meaning both general agreement, and the process of getting to such agreement. Other groups use a consensus process to generate as much agreement as possible, but allow decisions to be finalized with a decision rule that does not require unanimity. The Principles of Consensus Decision Making Consensus decision making is a process used by groups seeking to generate widespread levels of participation and agreement. It maximizes opportunities to resolve differences and to reach agreement on workable solutions. Consensus is defined by Merriam-Webster as, first, general agreement, and second, group solidarity of belief or sentiment. If any participant objects, he can block consensus according to the guidelines described below. Q: How will this process work with groups larger than your initial 50? Use of this website constitutes acceptance and agreement to comply with and be bound by these Terms and Conditions. It is a commitment to equality, communication, and creative solutions with the ultimate end result being a maximally empowered and effective group creative process. If they do this, everyone participates from that point forward and until full consensus is achieved. 1. This allows majority rule or hierarchical organizations to benefit from the collaborative efforts of the whole group and the resulting joint ownership of final proposals. The more we allow the spirit of our oneness to flood our consciousness, the closer we come to acceptance of what is here and now —differing opinions and perspectives. Important decisions may take too long to make, or the status quo may become virtually impossible to change. Require the blocking party to supply an alternative proposal or a process for generating one. Consensus decision making is a decision-making process used by some cooperatives. The effort to gain widespread agreement and include all perspectives is intended to support positive relationships between consensus participants. Organizers, then, should be familiar with the advantages and disadvantages of both voting and consensus systems to … Consensus decision-making highlights the process of making decisions, not just the result. Consensus invites and includes all those who want to participate. Robert’s Rule of Order, for instance, is a process used by many organizations. One example is the CODM model (consensus-oriented decision making). Q: What happens when a decision needs to be made and it is clear just one or two people are determined to block the decision? If you are considering our model as a template for your own creation, we especially recommend you apply this approach too and use, adapt, or completely change the values we’ve presented so you too can create a clear guidance system that aligns with your own organizational/group/individual needs. But consensus participants are also expected to pay attention to the needs of the whole group. “Consensus is like a symphony. Consensus decision making is a process used by groups seeking to generate widespread levels of participation and agreement. Consensus decision making in animals Trends Ecol Evol. Consensus decision-making is thus concerned primarily with that process. A process by which a group mind emerges from individual input, A way to synthesize various ideas or perspectives into a uniquely new outcome, A selection among alternative, competing proposals, A forum for egotism, manipulation, or “power over”. Explore the issue: At this stage, you want to gather all inputs and ideas without delving into one suggestion in detail. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. There are variations among different groups regarding the degree of agreement necessary to finalize a group decision. One Community operates under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. The second 80% vote is then still required to see if enough agreement exists to actually make the decision. Once we have 50 or more people on the property, we will take what we learned from our implementation with 20 people and restart back at 70% majority voting and use the three-month process outlined below to get to full consensus. How consensus works. The input and ideas of all participants are gathered and synthesized to arrive at a final decision acceptable to all. Q: Where can I learn more about your other values and how you use each of them in your organization? Consensus decision-making is a fundamental principle which has been accepted as the sole basis for decision-making in NATO since the creation of the Alliance in 1949. This ensures that everyone’s opinions, ideas and reservations are taken into account. The goal of Robert’s Rules is to structure the debate and passage of proposals that win approval through majority vote. 3.2. Decision-making methods are a vital part of any groups’ identity and functionality, yet they can often be taken for granted or put into place without much consideration. Not everyone may agree exactly, word for word, but by going with the spirit of the decision to be made, all have agreed on one forward action. The questions above and our current approach are being used as we continue to hone our skills as a group so that every individual fully understands and is able to apply and embody all of the following essential foundations required for consensus decision making*: In addition to all this, after complete discussion and collaboration, and before a consensus decision is made, each individual is asked “are you complete” to make sure no further discussion or input is desired. Reaching consensus does not assume that everyone must be in complete agreement, (a highly unlikely situation in a group of intelligent, creative individuals). 3. With the Consensus Oriented Decision Making Model, aslo know as the CODM model, it is possible to do this step-by-step, leading to effective group collaboration. These differences are expressed in the articles and other resources on this website. Some key guidelines for consensus decision making are: Approach the decision on the basis of logic and reason. These groups or individuals will be chosen by consensus based on objective qualifications for their role. This provision motivates a group to make sure that all group members consent to any new proposal before it is adopted. It is a process that attempts to recognize and account for the differing, legitimate interests of its 14 member governments. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. No, the consensus process outlined above and on the Consensus for Groups of 200+ page will be used to identify which decisions should be made by consensus and which decisions are better made by groups or individuals. Regardless of how much or how little you work in the decision-making space, this guide will be of immense value.” -Fred Keeley, Former Speaker pro Tem California State Assembly That being said, consensus requires participants having the maturity of consciousness that they do not run their hidden agendas to block the group from making decisions, That a group consensus can be overturned or altered only by another group consensus, 1st 45 days: 70% majority vote to make decisions (35 of 50 and all must vote or delegate vote), 2nd 45 days: 85% majority vote to make decisions (43 of 50 and all must vote or delegate vote), Full consensus* from the 90-day mark forward with participation optional. This can also be described as people no longer coming from “The Loving,” or “involving their egos,” or “running an agenda.”. For instance, a small business owner may convene a collaborative decision making discussion among her staff to generate a proposal for changes to the business. We need to have safety to fully participate, and full participation creates safety. When group leaders or majority factions reject proposals that have been developed with widespread agreement of a group, the goals of the process will not be realized. We’ve found that often group cohesiveness depends a great deal on whether it has developed and acknowledged intimacy and safety. Epub 2005 Jun 2. Download Consensus Decision Making for free. Consensus is defined by Merriam-Webster as, first, general agreement, and second, group solidarity of belief or sentiment. Tim emphasizes the importance of both participation and efficiency in decision making, two potentially conflicting goals that are both honored by the CODM approach in a creative and effective way. These include: Consensus decision s tend to be the default method though that teams use when they don’t know they are making a decision. Consensus may be defined professionally as an acceptable resolution, one that can be supported, even if not the "favourite" of each individual. Please take a look at each of these additional pages: (click icons). It does this because the first 80% vote requires that at least 80% of those involved in the decision are in agreement that all ideas have been heard, all options have been explored, and ending further discussion is an agreed upon good idea. Consensus-based decision making is based on a deliberate process of consensus building, whereby members of a group actively participate in finding a decision together that all members can feel comfortable with. Consensus decision-making is a group decision making process that not only seeks the agreement of most participants, but also the resolution or mitigation of minority objections. True intimacy embraces loving, caring, and sharing in a demonstrable, tangible way. Proposals are not collaboratively developed, and consensus is not a primary objective. It encourages all points of view to be shared. Poor group relationship dynamics and decision implementation problems may result. These dynamics may harm group member relationships and undermine the ability of a group to cooperatively implement a contentious decision. Consensus building is the social process of obtaining general or widespread agreement for a principle, goal, strategy, plan, rule, decision or design. The consensus process can help prevent problems associated with Robert’s Rules of Order or top-down decision making. Consensus kan professioneel worden gedefinieerd als een aanvaardbare oplossing, een die kan worden ondersteund, zelfs als ze niet de "favoriete" van elk individu. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Consensus (Decision Making) What is Consensus Decision Making? The goals of requiring unanimity are only fully realized when a group is successful in reaching it. There are many variations in the ways groups use consensus. The ethics of using a block encourage participants to place the good of the whole group above their own individual preferences. Collaborative: The group constructs proposals with input from all interested group members. This 80% majority vote can also be used to keep things moving by moving for agreement on part of a decision, to elect a committee to make the decision, to elect to do more research, etc. I’ve been in situations at the end of the meeting where the meeting leader will stumble into the realization that they need to make a decision and propose that everyone is in agreement. * To ensure we are always aligned with our purpose, values, and mission, One Community uses the values as defined by our organization as the compass for all our decision making; we then factor in the diversity of individual perspectives and experiences. It offers the opportunity for a new kind of citizen-based politics to emerge. The following unifying principles, however, form a common basis for all consensus processes. Some key guidelines for consensus decision making are: Approach the decision on the basis of logic and reason. Here’s a video that introduces another collaborative governance system called Sociocracy. These include: Participatory: All participants are allowed a chance to contribute to the discussion. It has its origin in a Latin word meaning literally feel together. Learning how to give and receive feedback in loving neutrality, and in the spirit of learning, is also foundational to the consensus process. What is consensus? Consensus decision-making is a process that builds trust and creates ownership and commitment. Consensus decision-making is thus concerned primarily with that process. The richness of social consensus comes in part from the intimacy collaborators are willing to cultivate with each other. Here are some of the most important factors that improve the chances of successfully reaching unanimity: Using Other Decisions Rules with a Consensus Process These instructions will guide you through that process. Consensus-Based Decision-Making Processes A consensus based decision-making process is an effort in which affected parties (stakeholders) seek to reach agreement on a course of action to address an issue or set of related issues. Consensus decision-making is a group decision making process that seeks the consent, not necessarily the agreement of participants and the resolution of objections. Consensus Decision-Making is a process for groups to generate widespread agreement in a way that respects the contributions of all participants. We believe consensus is an essential part of the community maintenance process, a foundation for a sustainable society, a key part of what we desire to share as part of our open source blueprint, and a commitment like no other to Oneness and working together for The Highest Good of All concerned. This lesson plan is purposed to teach all subjects, to any learning level, in any environment using the central theme of “Consensus and Decision Making.” Here is the mind map for the lesson plan: Lesson Plan Mindmap for Consensus & Decision Making – Click to visit the complete lesson plan page. Consensus: Consensus decision-making ensures that all input and ideas from a group or team are considered until a final decision that is acceptable to all emerges. creative and dynamic way of reaching agreement between all members of a group However, the Essence Hubs consist of a group of up to 12 who are a real support system for each of those members. Consensus is different from other types of decision making because it emphasizes the cooperative development of a decision with group members working together rather than competing against each other. The premise that each group member can choose to stand aside ” rather later... 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