If you choose to evacuate vertically, you should go to at least the third floor. Napier lacks high ground, with Napier Hill one of the only options, making it an obvious destination for the students and teachers of Te Awa School. "If there is a multi-level, sturdy building on your evacuation route that you can access, you could choose to go up – look for reinforced concrete or structural steel buildings. With the possibility of 20,000 people squeezing onto the narrow streets of Napier Hill, leaving as many to be swept away, the Government is looking at developing building codes for special structures, which are common in Japan, for what is called vertical evacuation of people. The main … A powerful earthquake rattled the South Pacific nation of Papua New Guinea on Monday, prompting officials to issue a tsunami warning for vast swathes of the Pacific and as far north as Russia. The occurrence of "New Zealand's most destructive single disaster" (Wright, 2001) was to change everything for the city of Napier, from its topography to its architecture and lifestyle (McGregor, 1998). "While we advise everyone to leave evacuation zones and follow their route to a safe location, we understand people may need to consider other options if they're not sure they'll be able to get out of the tsunami evacuation zone in time. It struck at 12.49am and was categorised as "weak". You may be able to think of other events that can also cause tsunami. ... with one resident in Napier reporting the quake was felt for about 30 seconds, with "a bit of a cracking sound". Video Journalist Hawke's Bay/Wairarapa, NZH Local Focus. The topography and landscape of Napier was altered significantly and permanently by the earthquake. The quake was a magnitude 4.1 at around 19km deep, centre around 15km northeast of Napier and striking just before 10.40am, according to GeoNet. It will likely be preceded by a major earthquake at the Hikurangi Trench close offshore, giving little time to evacuate. On 17 June 1929 a 2.5-metre high tsunami was generated by the magnitude 7.8 Murchison earthquake. A year and a half later, there was a Magnitude 6.9 earthquake near Wairoa on 15 September 1932. The sewerage system had broken and fears were held a typhoid outbreak might happen. There they found that the sea had retreated far from the shoreline, and many feared a tsunami. Image 2 Westshore Embankment Road after 1931 Earthquake While records of tsunami impacting on Napier are limited, the city has experienced distal-source tsunami in "The Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment is currently developing New Zealand building guidance for vertical evacuation," Hawke's Bay Civil Defence Emergency Management Group Manager Ian Macdonald said. "Our message for tsunami remains – If you feel an earthquake that is either longer than a minute or strong enough that it is hard to stand up, then get to high ground, out of all zones, as soon as the shaking stops. Ten days later, a huge 7.3 aftershock caused more damage. At 10.47am on 3 February 1931, a violent shock, followed closely by a second, rocked Hawke’s Bay for almost three minutes. More than 1500 people have reported feeling the shaking so far, largely reporting either weak or light shaking. It comes after an offshore earthquake on Friday, which registered at magnitude 7.4 and struck 710km northeast of Gisborne. 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NEW ZEALAND has been shaken by a powerful 7.4 magnitude earthquake, sparking fears of a tsunami, warn experts. "A typical time, for a tsunami after an earthquake on the Hikurangi trench getting to Napier, is in the 30- to 50-minutes range, probably mostly around 40 minutes. Shortly after the earthquake, hundreds of people had made their way to the beach, seeking a safe haven from crumbling buildings. Tsunami can occur if the sea floor moves, usually during an earthquake or landslide. This means that people need to know what to do if there is a tsunami. Historic evidence has Depending on what time of day it hits, more than 15,000 might not make it to high ground in time. Its epicentre was in the Kermadec Islands, a chain of about 80 volcanoes between the c… Watch how the tsunami happens after an earthquake deep in the sea, watch the speed of the waves .. A simple and informative illustration .. Civil Defence has said there is no tsunami risk. A full three days after the quake for example, a 90-year-old man who was buried in the earthquake rubble was finally dug out alive. Yes, since ancient times, tsunami has impacted the east coast. Civil Defence has said there is no tsunami risk. Although earthquakes were difficult to measure in those days, there were appropriately 150 aftershocks in the first 12 hours, and then 525 in the 14 days after the earthquake, including a powerful Magnitude 7.3 earthquake 10 days later. Captain Morgan at first thought there had been an explo… The HMS Veronicahad just tied up in Napier’s inner harbour when the earthquake hit. Estimates have ranged from 12 to 50 minutes, but even on the higher range thousands will be unable to make it to high ground in time. Shortly after the Great San Francisco earthquake of April 18, 1906, a sea level disturbance (tsunami) was recorded at the Presidio tide gauge station in San Francisco (the station is now located nearby at Ft. Point). It comes after an offshore earthquake on Friday, which registered at magnitude 7.4 and struck 710km northeast of Gisborne. This was exacerbated by summer drought conditions (McGregor, 1998). The first major wave arrives in Napier about 20 minutes after the quake, peaking at 30-50 minutes. At 10.47am, 85 years ago today (3 February 1931) a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the bustling city of Napier, and surrounding areas, in Hawke's Bay. At 09:37 the first wave arrived at Napier with a height of 0.2 metres, followed by a surge of waves around the Ahuriri Harbour. The Napier 'quake killed at least 256 people, and the city was largely destroyed first by the tremor and then by fire. Just over half of those in the tsunami zone would make it to safety in the 20 to 40 minutes before the biggest surge hits. Just after midnight on Sunday 28 February 2010 a magnitude 8.8 earthquake in Chile generated a tsunami. Buildings swayed violently, and their walls bulged and collapsed into the streets in avalanches of brick and masonry that crushed vehicles and people. There were initial fears of a tsunami after the quake hit off the east coast of New Zealand's North Island 6 GeoNet's interactive quake map shows where people have reported shaking following the quake. This disturbance puzzled Lawson (1908), author of the comprehensive report of the earthquake, and Henry Reid, proponent of the elastic rebound … If your building doesn't have a third floor, staying there is not a good option. Roofs caved in on buildings that had large open internal areas, such as churches, libraries and theatres. Yes, in a worst case scenario we could see a damaging tsunami after a very strong near source earthquake, but these events are considered very rare. A city forever changed. The quake hit at sea at a depth of about 33 kilometres (20 miles), south of the Kermadec Islands, at just after 1am local time on Friday. Ursula talked about what causes tsunami. "We know from what happened in Japan in the 2011 tsunami that a lot of people or parents perished coming towards the school, trying to come and get their children. A shrine set up to commemorate those in Okowa Elementary School killed by the tsunami that followed the earthquake, near Ishinomaki, Japan. A worst-case tsunami would involve a surge of water 13m high. In the early 'thirties the whole country was in the grip of the Depression, with many people on the East Coast of the North Island affected by falling prices for agricultural exports. Tsunamis five metres high could inundate Napier's town centre after a severe earthquake, new GNS Science modelling shows. But much remains to be done, as the response to a recent earthquake made painfully evident. Adding to the dangers of broken roads and fallen power lines is liquefaction, turning the school's run to high ground a wade through mud. Like many cities in New Zealand, Napier is built on the coast. My Dad, Tsunami, The Napier Soundshell, and Me By Jill's Scene on October 3, 2014 • ( 33 Comments ) “You know, I once heard that your life is defined by what you do when presented with the need for a Plan-B.” … Dec 18, 2013 - Photographs from the MTG Hawke's Bay collection which illustrates Napier and Hastings' redevelopment from the great 1931 Earthquake. "A typical time, for a tsunami after an earthquake on the Hikurangi trench getting to Napier, is in the 30- to 50-minutes range, probably mostly around 40 minutes. It's a case of when, not if, a major tsunami hits the Hawke's Bay coast. I think the last word should be lower case, and it should include the date, since there have been very many Hawke's Bay earthquakes. The Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management has issued a tsunami warning to the east coast of New Zealand and Napier Civil Defence has activated its Emergency Operations Centre to monitor the situation. As buildings began to disintegrate, many people fled outdoors into a lethal rain of chunks from ornate facades, parapets and cornices. Read More: New Zealand earthquake: Is there a tsunami warning after 5.2 quake? He said people needed to know if they are in a tsunami evacuation zone and, if they are, practise their tsunami evacuation route with their family. The quake had a depth of 33km and was felt by almost 9000 people, mostly on the east coast from Gisborne and Napier to Christchurch, according to GeoNet. Napier Port evacuated all vessels and some coastal residents self-evacuated. Te Awa School Principal Tim Van Zyl said in a worst-case scenario not all students and teachers might make it to Napier Hill in time. Civil Defence says there is no tsunami threat to New Zealand. My slower students - my 5-year-olds - take around 25 to 30 minutes. It struck at 12.49am and was categorised as "weak". The quake had a depth of 33km and was felt by almost 9000 people, mostly on the east coast from Gisborne and Napier to Christchurch, according to GeoNet. The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256, injuring thousands and devastating the Hawke's Bay region. A Practice Run Goes Badly Civil Defence says there is no tsunami threat to New Zealand. "However, the building may not be built to withstand the impact of a tsunami. "Japan has structures specifically designed for vertical evacuations, and the US has building standards for it, including foundations that are very deep and reinforced to a higher standard than most buildings, and an open ground-floor level to allow water to flow through. 1931 Napier Main article: 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake The earthquake triggered a landslip at Waikare which in turn caused a localised 15.3-metre tsunami. Could we have a tsunami as bad as the 2011 tsunami in Japan? There's a network of sirens to warn residents that a tsunami is imminent. 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A 13m surge could flood all the way to Whakatu, and while it is an unlikely event in people's lifetimes, a smaller surge still poses a threat to thousands of lives. A tanker at sea felt a violent vibration, and the seamen on board looked to the shore to see Napier covered by a cloud of rising dust. A moderate earthquake has jolted Napier this morning, with more than 1500 people reporting feeling the shaking. Despite initial fears of a tsunami after the quake occurred at 12.50am - and social media reports that some residents had moved to higher ground in some areas - officials later said there was no threat. There is a tsunami risk to Napier from the 8.8 earthquake that occurred near the coast of Central Chile at 1934NZDT on 27 February 2010. See more ideas about earthquake, napier, hawke's bay. Since that earthquake, Napier has experienced eleven earthquakes of felt intensities of MM6 or greater and suffered millions of dollars of earthquake related damage. A 7.4 magnitude earthquake has struck off the east coast of New Zealand early today and has been widely felt by thousands. Computer modelling has identified potential evacuation "choke points" in Napier after an earthquake. "So you can see that there is a problem that not everybody is going to easily get to high ground in time.". There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the following two weeks, with 597 being recorded by the end of February. It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. An Unusual Tsunami. Has Hawke’s Bay had tsunami in the past? The day after the quake authorities ordered Napier be evacuated. "Our plan is to travel down Georges Drive up the Lucknow stairs. "So it is really important that parents know that we are going to be moving that way and that they are to go up towards the Hill and meet us up there.". A stock photo of a recording of an earthquake's seismic waves. 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