The Shawnee point out that this 1869 Agreement was recently abrogated when, on December 27, 2000, Congress restored the Shawnee Tribe's “current and historical responsibilities, jurisdiction, and sovereignty as it relates to the Shawnee Tribe, the Cherokee-Shawnee people, and their properties everywhere.” 25 U.S.C. Black Body – 1788. 7). An 1872 congressional act gave title of that land to the Absentee Shawnee. Residents and non-residents will be required to register and pay online for a two-hour session. During 1833, only Black Bob’s band of Shawnee resisted removal. The Kansas reservation brought nearly 2,000 members of these divergent factions of the Shawnee nation together. Chief Black Bob died during this time, either in 1862 or 1864, but his followers maintained their independence from the rest of the Shawnee nation and the national council. The chief of a Shawnee band, originally a part of the Hatha­wekela division of the Shawnee. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Eventually, Black Bob’s band removed to the area of Kansas. Black Bob was half Miami and half Shawnee. The Shawnee Reservation in Kansas was never legally dissolved and some Shawnee families still hold their allotment lands in Kansas. The government exchanged 1.6 million acres of Shawnee reservation land in Kansas for individual grants of 200 acres for each Shawnee man, woman, and child. From the 1874 Atlas Map of Johnson County, Johnson County Museum. Pages on this site may include affiliate links to Amazon and its affiliate sites on which the owner of this website will make a referral commission.The shopping links above this notice go to our own store, AAA Native Arts Gallery. The Shawnee Indian Methodist Mission and school were established for the Shawnee, Delaware and other Indian nations in 1839. The “Black Bob Band” of the Shawnee, under the leadership of a chief named Black Bob, vehemently refused to accept individual allotments in 1854. Black Bob’s band still had no desire to move to the Kansas River. “Letters form the Secretary of the Interior.” In 42nd Congress, 2nd Session. However, these petitions were not successful, the lands were sold to speculators. Black Bob (Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) was a chief of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee indian tribe. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Chief Black Bob died during this time, either in 1862 or 1864, but his followers maintained their independence from the rest of the Shawnee nation and the national council. Part Five: Troubles (1998 to 1999), Johnson County Library Local History Resources, Missouri Valley Special Collections Digital Gallery, https://jocogov.org/legal-disclosures#socialmedia. Black Buffalo – 1740. Taylor, his successor, contrived a scheme to swindle land from the Black Bob. The border troubles before and during the Civil War made it impossible for these Shawnees to remain on their land, and they went to the Indian Territory. 58 reviews #12 of 90 Restaurants in Shawnee $$ - $$$ American Barbecue 120 W Macarthur St, Shawnee, OK 74804-2007 +1 405-275-2040 Website Menu Closed now : See all hours Black Bob. (from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shawnee)Shawnee comes from the Algonquin word \"shawun,\" meaning \"southerner.\" Shawnee usually call themselves the Shawano or Shawanoe or Shawanese. Content not in compliance with our civility expectations will be removed from our page or posts, and repeat offenders may be blocked. Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. Size: 5 3/4 inches x 8 3/4 inches. Blackbob Court Townhomes has everything you need . (Ser. James Burnett Abbott, one-time Indian Agent to the Shawnee and schemer against the Black Bob Band. By posting comments to the JoCoHistory Blog, you understand and acknowledge that this information is available to the public. Johnson County was part of the ancestral territory of the Kansa (Kansas) people. During the Civil War many of the Shawnee Tribe fought for the Union, which inspired the name, “Loyal Shawnee.” Instead of receiving compensation or honors for their service, they returned to their Kansas lands, only to find much of it taken over by non-Indian homesteaders. Other names for Black were Black Fish, Chief Blackfish, Chiungulla, Chiungulla "Black Fish," Mkah-day-way-may-qua, Chinugalla Blackfish, Cot-ta-wa-ma-go Blackfish, Pah Blackfish, and Pah-e-a-ta-hea-se-ka Chinugalla. In 1808, Chief Black Bob and his band refused to remove with the rest of the tribe to Indian Territory. Their anger was pointed at untrustworthy federal officials and the national council of the Shawnee. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! In an 1854 treaty with Black Bob, the United States gave them rights to land on the Shawnee Reservation in that state. Black Bob kept the band together until his death in 1862 or 1864, but in 1867 the speculators induced the Indians to put their land in severalty. The Black Bob band had written directly to President Andrew Jackson, noting that “For the last forty years we have resided in Upper Louisiana,” (which was now called Missouri), “peaceably following our usual occupations for the support of our families” … explaining that the Shawnee lands in Kansas had “a climate colder than we have been accustomed to, or wish to live in,” and they would be “surrounded by people who are strangers to us.” However, in 1833, this petition was denied. Thanks! Black Bull – 1730. In the War of 1812 he joined British forces for the capture of Detroit and the invasion of Ohio. Black Caesar – 1710. By 1833, only Black Bob’s band of Shawnee resisted removal, but they too were moved to northeastern Kansas in 1833. The history of Chief Black Bob and his followers reminds us that when talking about the past, just as today, generalizations always leave someone out. Doc. In 1861 Kansas became a state, and the non-Indian people of Kansas demanded that all Indian tribes must be removed from the state. Black Butcher – 1730. They are an Google Street View of Black Bob Park, in southern Johnson County. Part Six: Attention Shoppers, The Mall Will Be Closing In Fifteen Years (2000 to 2008), A Great History of the Great Mall of the Great Plains. Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. The reservation became home to 2,183 Shawnees from a variety of different bands between 1825 and 1834. This site was part of the tract belonging to the Black Bob band. When Missouri became a state in 1821, European Americans spread westward rapidly, onto the territory of Native Americans. What Native peoples lived in Johnson County before the Shawnee were moved there? These letters concern the sale of lands to Black Bob’s Band of Shawnee. So often, people talk about “the Shawnee” as a single unit; in reality, the Shawnee were a people intensely divided by the complex issues of assimilation, removal, intra-tribal politics, and maintaining traditional practices and beliefs. In the 1870s, after many years of struggling to have their Kansas land titles recognized, the Black Bob Band was finally subjected to government removal (although they did not accept U.S. citizenship). The Black Bob, less than 200 in total, were traditionalists who rejected assimilation, believed in communal land ownership, and found themselves regularly at odds with the Shawnee national council. All sessions are open to Olathe residents and non-residents. As a result, a portion of the Shawnees under the leadership of Black Bob did not move to eastern Kansas and instead settled along the White River in Arkansas. The Loyal Shawnee made an agreement with the Cherokee Nation in 1869, allowing 722 to gain citizenship within the Cherokee tribe and receive allotments of Cherokee land. Sale of these lands which have been allotted and patented to Black Bob Shawnees; treaty of 10 May 1854. Black Cat – 1745. Other Information: Pages: 2. Although their settlements were north of the Kansas River, Johnson County would have been a part of their hunting territory. We welcome your comments and discussion! See more ideas about shawnee, shawnee tribe, shawnee indians. The JoCoHistory Blog follows Johnson County, KS Government's social media user responsibility guidelines at https://jocogov.org/legal-disclosures#socialmedia. They began illegally selling land to squatters. There they remained until peace was proclaimed, when about one hundred returned to dispose of their lands, only to find them taken over by sqatters in their absence. ( Log Out /  These cultures were removed to reservations in Kansas by the Federal government prior to removing the Shawnee from their ancestral lands in the Ohio River Valley and placing them on reservations in Kansas. In 1857, there was 136 Black Bob Indians left. Head south on Noland St toward W 132nd St, Turn right onto W 133rd St, Turn left onto S Pflumm Rd, Turn right at the 1st cross street onto W 135th St, Turn right onto S Black Bob Rd, Our facility will be on the right. The Black Bob, less than 200 in total, were traditionalists who rejected assimilation, protested the federal government’s policy of Indian Removal, believed in communal land ownership, and were vocal critics of the Shawnee national council. Mar 30, 2017 - Explore barbara howell's board "SHAWNEE TRIBE", followed by 273 people on Pinterest. One researcher states that the “Loyal Shawnee” is a later name for the “Black Bob Band.” The Black Bob Band’s records were kept by the Shawnee Agency. The Cape Girardeau band believed that government commissioners had misled them about the 1825 treaty and argued that they had never agreed to allow any Ohio Shawnees to settle on the western lands. To make matters worse, James B. Abbott, an ex-Indian Agent to the Shawnees, and H.L. When they returned, white squatters had taken possession of portion of the land. Chief Black Fish 1 was born in 1725 and died on 12 Oct 1779 in Chillicothe, Shawnee Territory (Ohio), (United States) at age 54. During the years of the Civil War, Shawnees from the Absentee-Shawnee and other bands fled to the 33,000 acre Black Bob Reservation as refugees. In 1866, they applied for the partition of the Black Bob’s common property and requested individual allotments for 69 members of the band. The Black Bob, who had no knowledge of such an application in their name, cried foul, asserting that no one could speak for their Band. Come to a home you deserve located in Olathe, KS. Within days, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and immediately large numbers of white Americans moved into Kansas to fight each other over black slavery. Bob Ford published a memoir of his combat experiences in the novel Black Cat 2-1, The True Story of Vietnam Helicopter Pilot and His Crew. Black Bob and his Hathawekela band (also known as the Skipakákamithagî  band), the Cape Girardeau Shawnee, lived on land controlled by Spain in eastern Missouri on land granted to them about 1793 by Baron Carondelet, near Cape Girardeau. ( Log Out /  Black Face – 1740. Only the traditionalist Black Bob Band continued to hold its land in common, and a portion of unallotted land was set aside for the Absentee Shawnee if they decided to relocate to Kansas. “The original land patent of the Blackfeather Farm was awarded to To Wah Pea and her heirs on March 13, 1885. After the Civil War, the Shawnee in Kansas were expelled and forced to move to northeastern Oklahoma. While the U.S. government recognized the acreage as individual allotments accumulated in one place, the Black Bob Shawnee chose to view it as a single allotment to be used for communal living. We use cookies to remember log in details, provide secure log in, improve site functionality, and deliver personalized content. MS 1258: 1.02: Account book of Major James B. Abbott, dated Lawrence 28 October 1854 to 12 January 1856, and later items; also selections of lands made in 1862 by members of the Black Bob band of Shawnees, under the treaty of 1854. Beginning about 1870, the Black Bob Indians of the Shawnee Tribe who lived on a reservation in Johnson Co., Kansas known as the “Black Bob Reserve” began petitioning the government to keep their lands intact. During the American Civil War, Black Bob's band fled from Kansas and joined the "Absentee Shawnee" in Oklahoma to escape the war. The Shawnee reservation in Kansas stretched from the Missouri State boundary nearly to modern-day Junction City, and from the Kansas River to about the southern line of Johnson County. Black Bob (Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) was a chief of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee indian tribe. They lived in South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and other states before coming to Kansas. 1. We grind fresh chuck and hand patty our burgers daily. There is a movement to learn what specific Native people’s land our houses are occupying so this information is helpful. West: Near Olathe Senior Residence Shawnee land holdings were reduced to roughly 200,000 acres, located within 30 miles of the Missouri border. “The Black Bob Shawnee were expelled from their land and moved to Northeastern Oklahoma.” There they joined the Absentee-Shawnee, and claimed acreage that eventually turned out to have been previously assigned the Potawatomi. Black Bob Lands in Kansas. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options. Change ). The park is located on what was part of the Shawnee Indian Reservation, first established in 1825. On Oct. 26, 1831, “General William Clark at Castor Hill in St. Louis County, Missouri, signed a treaty with representatives of the Delaware then in Kansas and the Cape Girardeau Shawnee (the Black Bob band) then in Arkansas, giving up all claim to the Cape Girardeau grant. Meanwhile, the Rogerstown and Fish bands traveled directly to eastern Kansas, where successive parties of Ohio Shawnees joined them over the next several years. Those who did—perhaps 700 or more—were called the “severalty” Shawnee because of their individual land ownership. In 1825, the federal government negotiated the Treaty of St. Louis, which removed 1,400 Missouri-based Shawnee to lands in Kansas (some Shawnee continued into Oklahoma and eventually into Mexican Texas, and became known as the “Absentee Shawnee”). Great question! Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Today, the only reminders of this contentious history in Johnson County are places named for Chief Black Bob and his followers: Black Bob Road, Black Bob Park, and Black Bob Elementary School in Olathe. The Osage also may have hunted here. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. 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