To accommodate these crystal shapes, the most common shapes of fashioned rubies are ovals and cushions, with brilliant-cut crowns of kite-shaped and triangular facets, and step-cut pavilions with concentric rows of rectangular or square facets. The balance of elements contained within the stone gives it this colouration, making it incredibly rare. In some gem-producing nations such as Sri Lanka, pink colors were always considered ruby, while in many consuming countries it is classified as pink sapphire. An illustration of how color affects the value of ruby. A Cartier Pin in Ruby and Diamond ($ 8,428,127) This jewelry is made up of a Burmese ruby ​​of 10.10 … Some gem dealers debate the borderline between ruby and pink sapphire. Rubies often have … When we think about rubies, we immediately recognize the deep blood-red color that makes rubies so desired. Even the most sought after blood-red rubies have a blue hue to them and are called “Pigeon’s Blood Ruby” or “Burmese Ruby.” There is something powerful about the rich reds and glittering depths of rubies. That’s some serious stone, possibly not realistic for a stud earring. The striking red colour of the Sunrise ruby – also referred to as ‘pigeon blood red’ makes it unlike most others of its kind. Burmese rubies posses a slight bluish tinge which is how they are distinguished. Until recently, only emerald, ruby, and sapphire were officially called precious gemstones. Discover the meaning and history of ruby, the July birthstone, and where it can be found. Andrew Campbell started trading in antiques during the 1970s. Discerning the colour of a ruby breaks down into the three components: hue, saturation, and tone. The combination of Burmese origins with the colour described as ‘pigeon blood red’ is what makes a ruby the most valuable of its kind. Click on an item to learn more. Value: $ 71.2 million dollars. Furthermore, there is the Prince of Burma ruby. Over time, and through selling at a range of venues, Andrew built up a large and diverse customer base from private buyers to national and international trade customers. So, perhaps emeralds aren’t all that after all. 15.99ct Burmese Ruby Ring by Verdura. An untreated, vividly colored large ruby is almost priceless and any untreated ruby gemstone with a good color will demand a very high price. A very eye-catching and beautiful species of precious stones, they come in different colors starting from pink to a darker red. Rubies are commonly cut into oval and cushion shapes. The brightest red - and thus most valuable - rubies are usually from Burma. What colour ruby is most valuable? All other gems were referred to as semi-precious. In the gem trade, though, pinpointing the dominant hue is subject to personal perception. Lighter shades are classified as pink sapphires. Cutters can minimize the orangy red color by orienting the table facet perpendicular to the long crystal direction. Significant surface-reaching fractures can pose durability threats. red, pink etc. The ruby, along with the sapphire, is in the corundum group. The finest ruby has a pure, vibrant red to slightly purplish red color. The faceted stone weighs 11.55 carats and the rough stones weigh between 16.65 carats and 278.50 carats. The most common shape is a flat tabular hexagonal shape, but ruby crystals from some sources can be elongated. Purchased anonymously during a 2015 auction in Geneva, the final listing price for the Sunrise ruby was a staggering $30.42 million. The most valuable attribute of Sapphire is the cornflower blue color, known as Kashmir Sapphire or Cornflower Blue Sapphire. The prices of all the precious stones of different sizes are mentioned in the below table-Species: 1 carat: 1-5 carat: 5+ carats: Diamond: $4,300/ct: $13,600/ct: $44,500/ct: Ruby: $5,050/ct: $9,500/ct: $100,000/ct: The most expensive type of ruby is called 'pigeon-blood ruby' and is a ruby with a slight purple hue to it. The per-carat price of ruby can also increase dramatically as size increases, especially for better-quality stones. Corundum has two primary gem varieties: ruby and sapphire. The following are … It is a rock-forming mineral.It is also a naturally transparent material, but can have different colors depending on the presence of transition metal impurities in its crystalline structure. Even so, it’s not always possible to orient a ruby for ideal color return because the potential loss of weight would be too great. Needles that intersect can also cause the star effect, called asterism, when the stone is cut with a curved upper surface, called a cabochon cut. Rubies are somewhat unique in the gem world as their origin also plays a huge part in discerning their value. E: [email protected] Clarity plays an important role as well. It is significant because of its size as a deposit of raw ruby. Let that sink in for a moment. We have also included sections for multicolor, color change and star/cat's eye gems. The finest ruby has a pure, vibrant red to slightly purplish red color. The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value. Depending on a ruby’s color, the value of it can be from poor to premium. Burmese rubies are far and away the most expensive, most valued rubies. That said, pink sapphires enjoy a following, at a far more competitive prices than rubies. Rubies are among the most valuable gemstones in the world and they are often referred to as ‘King of Gemstones’ by collectors. Though India is typically seen as the origin of the finest ruby crystals, there are deposits throughout Europe, Asia and the Middle East. The ‘silk’ of a ruby is – believe it or not – a collection of inclusions in the stone that allow light to hit areas it otherwise would not. At a November 2014 auction held by Christie’s in Hong Kong, an incredible signed Cartier platinum, diamond, and Burmese… Look for rubies that are not too light or too dark. Fine-quality rubies over one carat are very rare, but commercial-quality rubies are commonly available in a wide range of sizes. With coloured gemstones, the colour is the most important factor in determining their worth. In most markets, pure red colors command the highest prices and ruby with overtones of orange and purple are less valued. Ruby value can depend on how visible the inclusions are. They are all beautiful, but why are some more expensive than others? Historically, the word ruby referred to shades of red, which technically included pink. The brightest and most valuable shade of red called blood-red or pigeon blood, commands a large premium over other rubies of similar quality. However, a highly valuable, expensive ruby would be opaque, with high saturation, a red hue, and a tone that creates a rich, but very obviously red colour. Having graduated university with a BA in English Literature and an MA in Creative Writing Bethany then joined the AC Silver team as a content creator. The ‘best’ place a ruby can originate from is Burma. A series of features referred to as the ‘Four Cs’ are used to quantify the value of a gemstone. © 2002 - document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Gemological Institute of America Inc. GIA is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization. Similar to color diamonds, color is the most important determining factor in regards to its value. Ruby is distinguished for its bright red color, being the most famed and fabled red gemstone. Round, triangular, emerald-cut, pear, and marquise rubies are also available. Dark and violet red rubies come principally from Thailand. Some rubies are more valuable than others – or at least more expensive. Privacy Policy and This adds softness to the color and spreads the color more evenly across the ruby’s crown. Courtesy: Tommy Wu, Shire Trading Ltd., Hong Kong. GIA is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization. Star. Cut stone: Courtesy: Edward Boehm. The presence of rutile silk causes light to scatter across facets that might otherwise be too dark. In May of 2015, Sotheby’s Geneva hosted a sale that offered a one-of-a-kind Pigeon Blood Mogok Burmese ruby that managed to break all records when it sold for over $30 million and for over $1 million a carat. The price per carat goes up significantly for ruby as it increases in size. If the temptation of a Burmese ruby is too much to take, explore the ruby category of our website. If the color is too dark, it has a negative effect on the stone’s brightness. At auction, especially rare and valuable rubies have sold for millions of pounds. Color is the most significant factor affecting a ruby’s value. The mixture of these untreated and heat-treated rubies show a range of darker and brighter red colors. Some inclusions can actually contribute positively to a gem’s appearance. Relatively speaking, there is an abundance of good quality small sapphires but not rubies. Saturation: Color saturation refers to how intense the hue of the stone is. More information on blue sapphires. A single source never yields gems that are all the same color and quality. The Liberty Bell Ruby. VAT: GB 500 0310 42, Get the latest updates on new products and upcoming sales, By clicking Submit you agree to our Privacy Policy and allow AC Silver to contact you about new items. Most red gems are orangey-red (spinel), pink-red (spinel, garnet) or purplish-red (rubellite tourmaline). Bethany Massey – Digital Assistant (Content Creator). The most desired ruby color is a vibrant, vivid, highly saturated red to subtly purplish red color with red fluorescence. Today, rubies are still regarded as valuable because of their beautiful red color, hardness and rarity. But they can be subject to misinterpretation when used to describe a ruby’s actual color. The result of this is that depth is created within the stone, as facets are visible draw the eye inwards, creating a suggestion of a never-ending gem. It is a myth that diamonds are the most valuable gems whereas the fact is Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald are much more valuable. Obvious inclusions, or inclusions that reduce transparency or brightness, lower a ruby’s value dramatically. For top-color ruby that’s also free of eye-visible inclusions, the price rises even more. Another valuable Sapphire type is the very scarce, orange-pink Padparadscha. Courtesy: Hussain Rezayee, Rare Gems & Minerals. Prized for their beauty, durability, and rarity, it is the quality of the color which most determines the value of rubies. T: +44 (0) 191 240 2645 Photo: John I. Koivula, GIA. There are also cultural differences in the interpretation of ruby versus pink sapphire. Red is one of the rarest colors in the gems world, and a pure red, such as the famed pigeon's blood ruby, is exceptionally rare. When they are intact, they prove the ruby was not heat-treated at very high temperatures. Why is a purplish red ruby the most expensive type you ask? Since the ruby was only 8.62 carats, its sale price was only $2,200 shy of the new per-carat record… This is a rare variety of sapphire and it shows different colors under different light. Some examples include the Liberty Bell ruby – the world’s largest ruby, weighing 8,500 carats. All rights reserved. Over time and years of experience trade terms can conjure up perceptions of certain colors and qualities that are associated with a stone’s source. This is one of the big advantages of buying antique and vintage jewellery; no further demand is placed on the industry as a result. At the other extreme, if the color is too light, the stone may be considered to be a pink sapphire, even if color strength or intensity is high. Historically, the term “pigeon’s blood” described the red to slightly purplish or pinkish red color of rubies with a soft, glowing, red fluorescence. Stones lighter than this are called pink sapphire. Rubies are made of corundum with chromium present as an impurity. A ruby that has simply been heat treated to bring out the best of its color and clarity will also be extremely valuable while a fracture filled ruby will be considerably less expensive. This colouring is also natural, rather than being achieved through applying heat treatments on the gemstone. In the 1960s, rubies were discovered in East Africa. Whether you consider rubies an ominous stone, suited to witches and sorcery, or if you think of luxury, sophistication, and splendour when considering the stone – everyone has at one point coveted it. Each ruby has a primary and secondary color. The Sunrise ruby is not only the most expensive ruby, but also the most expensive non-diamond gemstone in the world. Color is the most significant factor affecting a ruby’s value. Initially, Andrew lived in the South of England, travelling the country, searching for items of silver to buy. However, the qualities might be typical of that source or they might represent the finest stones from that source. Red ruby. The blue sapphire is the birthstone for September. However, a highly valuable, expensive ruby would be opaque, with high saturation, a red hue, and a tone that creates a rich, but very obviously red colour. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "afd6d70d89fcfef53199f43d9db01c21" );document.getElementById("ab89ea9f11").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); 35b St Georges Terrace,Jesmond, NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE,NE2 2SU,United Kingdom Bethany spends her days writing content for the AC Silver blog and other luxury goods/antique blogs. However, size isn’t everything. Ruby is the red variety of the mineral Corundum. The color of a ruby is assessed based on three attributes: hue, saturation, and tone. Typical ruby clarity characteristics include thin mineral inclusions called needles. It is also known as the Jubilee Ruby. they are not so dark as to appear almost black. However, ruby colors range from lighter, bright red to deep, reddish-brown. Most gemological authorities expect a medium to medium dark-red color tone in a ruby. New sources can produce material very similar to rubies from classical localities or present a slightly different appearance, but remain just as beautiful. The precious categorization was a reference to value: a really fine ruby, emerald, or sapphire can be priced higher per-carat than a diamond, which most people consider the ultimate gemstone. In ruby it typically appears as red to purplish red in one crystal direction and orangy red in the other. These rubies were all mined in Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). Photo: Robert Weldon/GIA. They are: colour, cut, clarity, and carat. Ruby rough is very expensive, so many cutters try to conserve as much weight as possible. Ultimately, the most desirable color of ruby is the one you prefer the most. The hue of a ruby is what most people would describe as its colour, i.e. All other color varieties of gem-quality corundum are referred to as sapphire. Combining Pearls and Yellow Gold – The Top Jewellery Trends for Winter 2020, The Most Popular Earring Styles According to Instagram. Clarity & Luster It’s hard to say what might make a ruby ‘perfect’ as so much is subjective. The most expensive ruby in the world is smaller than both of the examples given above. Even though it's debatable as to what are the most valuable ruby hues and tones, gem dealers agree that pure, vivid colors are far more desirable than dull, muddy, brownish colors. For better-quality material, slight differences in color can make significant differences in value. The most valuable rubies have a medium red to medium dark red tone which is also known as “pigeon blood” red. They might fashion flattened ruby rough into shallow stones, even though light escapes through flattened pavilions, causing an unattractive see-through area in the stone called a window. Several factors affect the cut and proportion of rubies on the market. A ‘silky’, pigeon blood red ruby from the mines of Burma can set you back millions if it’s large enough. You can unsubscribe at any time. Photo: Robert E. Kane/GIA. Sapphires over 5 carats, clean and with good blue color, are similarly rare and also valuable. However, there is some controversy around the working conditions in the mines from which these gemstone originate. The most valuable among its different variations of colors would be the so-called ‘blood-red’ or ‘pigeon blood’, which characterizes the brightness of its color. However, rubies come in a variety of colors from bright red to dark pink. The star ruby is a rare variety of ruby that exhibits asterism; a six-rayed star that shimmers … Mined in… A 3-4 carat ruby of fine quality would be a rare and very expensive gem in today’s market. While some areas produce consistently high quality gemstones, not all gemstones have the same importance of heritage as rubies. Explore the world of diamonds and colored gemstones. April 2016 a 15.99ct oval-cut Burmese ruby ring, made by Verdura, sold for $14.16 million at Christie’s New York. Rough: Gift of William F. Larson. Long mineral inclusions that intersect can create the star effect when stones are cut as cabochons. It set a record as the most expensive colored gemstone ever sold at a US jewelry auction. It’s still possible that lower-temperature heat treatment might have occurred. Red Gems. The first one is that according to color science, purple will bring out the red color … The items featured on this blog, for example, all have Burmese rubies. The ruby, orignated from Mogok in Myanmar, Burma. Pidgeon blood rubies contain spots of blue or purple in them, making your find incredibly valuable. Traditional descriptions like these are useful for evoking images and describing color among professionals. Other factors that would determine the value of a ruby … In most markets, pure red colors command the highest prices and ruby with overtones of orange and purple are less valued. – Photo: Robert Weldon/GIA. Your ruby could be a pidgeon blood ruby, the rarest kind. The most valuable ruby gemstones are a dark red known as blood red or pigeon blood. All rights reserved. It’s all about colour. Naturally, there is something of a value system for all precious gemstones. Raw gemstone carved into the shape of the Liberty Bell, and adorned with 50 diamonds, the Liberty Bell Ruby would certainly be counted amongst the most valuable rubies in the world. Although, don’t be mistaken, it still knows how to make an impression. Much darker red or lighter pinker shades are considerably less valuable. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Diamonds are the most valuable, due to their beauty and hardiness. - Photo: Robert Weldon/GIA. 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