PURE AGROVET ENTERPRISES 49,615 views. Sorghum plays an important role as fodder, in the health and nutrition of a large livestock population in India, having 20 % livestock population of the world . Sorghum is a drought resistant crop. Fodder sorghum is an ideal tropical forage crop. In forage sorghum, the mixed cropping is also practiced with fodder legumes, viz. We will explore new ways to help farmers adapt to new practices. practice. He is a graduate of Art faculty. There is a need to introduce Drought-resistant crops such as sorghum, millet, wheat, pulses, oilseeds and cotton dominate the cropping patterns. Covering the maximum cultivated area among fodder crops, sorghum is grown Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder Cereal fodder 1 Fodder Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) Annual 50-60 30 x 10 12.5 30-40-20 60 to 65 C0.F.S 29 Mulitcut 12.5 30 x 10 25.0 30-40-20 Every 65 days 2 Fodder Maize (Zea mays) Annual 40-50 30 x 10 12.5 60-40-20 65 to 70 Cultivation practices of these fodder crops very from each other. Therefore, there is a tremendous pressure of livestock on available total feed and fodder, as land available for fodder production has been decreasing. For this, we must explore new cultural practices. Commercial sorghum is the cultivation and commercial exploitation of species of grasses within the genus Sorghum (often S. bicolor).These plants are used for grain, fibre and fodder.The plants are cultivated in warmer climates worldwide. In this good practice note, N.Akila, P. Murugan, B.Mohan and S.Alagudurai from Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, discuss fodder seed production in Public Private Partnership mode which has enhanced the availability of quality fodder seed for fodder growers and green fodder production for livestock farmers. However, the increasing cultivation of cereal and cash crops has, in fact, contributed towards a decline in the area under fodder cultivation. Improved sorghum cultivation makes a difference AICRP-Sorghum, Rahuri, Maharashtra Shri Suresh Sarjerao Tambe, Bherdapur village, Taluka Shrirampur, District Ahmednagar of Maharashtra. Similarly, the ratio of returns from fodder to total cost of cultivation was around 16 in rabi sorghum cultivation indicating sustainability in terms of fodder security to livestock. It is cultivated mainly for grain and also for fodder. Mainly three types of livestock production practices are ... Sorghum is the main fodder in summer (Kharif) and berseem in winter (Rabi). fodder production practices. The technical Hydroponic fodder production is a boon for farmers whose soil is rocky and infertile. Measure according to tray size. The production of fodder is also a priority in most spate-irrigated areas in order to support livestock. It's multicut fodder sorghum, ... Co 5 / Cumbu Napier Hybrid Fodder Grass - Cultivation Practices, Importance & Uses in Tamil - Duration: 8:20. It is multi-use cereal; contain grains, forage and sweet types. In the Limpopo Province, sorghum is grown on at least 25 342 ha, productivity of fodder is to be increased. Average sorghum yield on smallholder farms is estimated from that observed for the SADC countries to be 0,8 t/ha. Sorghum for food grain in India is grown in the post–rainy season (rabi) (dry season), which produces white grain, free of blemishes.This grain is highly prized for processing. He was growing sorghum since last decade. Reported values (NRC, 1984) are only 7.6,7.2 and 6.4 for oat hay, maize stover and sorghum stover, respectively. It is the fourth most important cereal crop in the country and also contributing green fodder, feed and biofuel. The average green fodder yield will be 40-50 t/ha and the dry matter yield will be 10-15 t/ha. ... Because of the poor fodder production methods, they lack food for their livestock during this period. In India, sorghum is cultivated in an area of 5.7 m ha, and a production of 3 m tonnes is recorded (PDFSR database). fodder production from available land and (ii) increase availability of fodder by minimising wastage. The climate is hot and dry. Currently, the community practices hay making and storage of fodder for the dry season. Integration of farmyard manure @ 5 tons ha-1, along with green gram incorporation during kharif season followed by application of 60 kg N ha-1 gave the best optimal rabi sorghum … Hydroponic fodder production is probably best-suited to semi-arid, arid, and drought-prone regions of the world, suffering from chronic water shortages or in areas where irrigation infrastructure does not exist. It is mainly consumed by poor farmers. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) belonging to family Graminae, locally known as jawar and is grown as a fodder crop in Pakistan. Harvest the crop when the cob is in the milky stage. Harvesting: Since HCN is present in sorghum especially in early stages up to 40-50 days, proper care has … ... Package of Practices Recommendations: Crops. downstream end of schemes. Fodder production with hydroponics could be an important source to cover maintenance and production … 1 kg of seeds (maize, barley, oat or wheat) is used in 2 ft tray to produce … Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor): It is the most important cereal fodder crop grown in summer/ rainy season. India contributes about 16% of the world’s sorghum production. The benefit-cost ratio of sorghum-sudan grass fodder cultivation with SSG-5000 variety under improved cultivation practices was 2.22, 2.30 and 2.42 during 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16, respectively as compared to 2.11, 2.23 and 2.28 under farmers’ practice… The adopted farmers were provided the truthfully labelled seed of sorghum for fodder production. Fodder cultivation can be integrated into the farm without too much competition with crop production. It has high tolerance to drought and excessive rainfall. The current rain yield of sorghum in Sindh is 2500 kgs/ha. Cultivation practices ... For these reasons, total sorghum production o f smallholder farmers is not known. Best Practices in growing Hydroponic fodder. Fodder crops are the crops grown exclusively for the livestock feed.The Fodder crops reduce a lot of financial burden for the farmers who own dairy farms, goat farm or sheep farms from buying commercial fodder.Fodder crops are the main source of nutrients for the livestock, so a mix of fodder crops are recommended for better production. Rabi sorghum grain and fodder yield were significantly superior with seed priming using either ZNSO4, KNO3 or KH2PO4 (0.5 %). The crop was sown in month of July. Practices to be followed while growing fodder in Hydroponic system, small steps towards best results: 1. Covering the maximum cultivated area among fodder crops, sorghum is grown in all parts of the country except the cool hilly areas. Ash content ranged from 18.68 to 30.31%, higher than any other regional forage. Sorghum grown in the kharif season (rainy season) has staining and molding of its grains, which reduces the quality of food. Existing cultural practices in Sindh. cowpea and cluster-bean, in 2:1 ratio to improve fodder yield and quality. It is dual purpose crop of kharif season.Sorghum is a warm-season, short-day annual grass. Explanations from Jean-Luc Verdier, Engineer at Arvalis-Institut du vegetal, in charge of sorghum activities. Production Practices of Kharif fodder crops The frequency distribution of different categories of farmers with respect to their level of knowledge Production of sorghum It is evident from Table-1 that in case of Sorghum crop production, majority of the farmers (64.17%) had medium level of ... Maize, barley, fodder sorghum ... Good management practices are just as important as proper establishment techniques. Tillage is an important agricultural operation which influences soil properties, crop yield and environment. This is due to poor cultural practices namely: … Assortment for forage varieties has been inspiring for the last […] Fodder sorghum. They have to migrate to . Production Technology of Kharif and Rabi Fodder Crops Major kharif fodder are- maize, sorghum, pearmillet, teosinte, cowpea and guar. The annual rainfall of this area is 550-570 mm. A number of varieties like Karnataka local, RS-9, UPC-1956, UPC-5287 and UPC-9805 are recommended for cultivation for fodder purpose. Sorghum and millet for livestock production The productivity of Napier grass (elephant grass), a basal forage in smallholder dairy production systems in Uganda is affected by pests and diseases such as Napier stunt and smut diseases and improper agronomic practices. In Pakistan mainly two types of livestock production practices are prevailing i.e. Sorghum is one of the main staple food for the poor people across the semi arid tropics. maize, sorghum and beans. March to July is the time of sowing for seed, the seed rate is 50 kg/ha and March to October is the season for fodder production. The crops grown and the agronomic practices adopted reflect these variations. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is used for both grain and forage.While some varieties are grown solely for grain, others have been developed for forage production, and some varieties are dual-purpose (Harada et al., 2000).The sorghum plant is a tall, erect annual grass, up to … Staggered sowing is recommended for supply of green fodder for a long period. Tomorrow’s agriculture must remain efficient and profitable, but also meet new societal challenges including environmental challenges. At the same time, 6 farmers were selected in 2011 and 5 in 2012 that were growing local seed of sorghum and adopting traditional methods of fodder production. Fodder Production Scenario and Strategies for Revitalizing Fodder Production Technologies M. S. Meena1 and K. M. 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