He was the man who, back in the late 18th century, was chiefly responsible for popularising the consumption of potatoes in that country. Unique histories from the 18th and 19th centuries, Excerpt of a BBC interview with Geri on May 1, 2017, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), View 18thcand19thc’s profile on Instagram, View 117631667933120811735’s profile on Google+, Marie Antoinette’s Confidante: The Rise and Fall of the Princesse de Lamballe, Napoleon’s Downfall: Madame Récamier and Her Battle With the Emperor, Jane Austen’s Cousin: The Outlandish Contess De Feuillide, Decorative Hair Combs of the 19th Century, Mark Twain: Interesting Facts About Samuel Clemens, Great Blizzard of 1888: The Great White Hurricane, Thomas Neill Cream: Lambeth Poisoner and Serial Killer, Madame Moustache: The Notorious Life of Eleanor Dumont. I have never met a ‘tater that I didn’t like. Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (Montdidier August 12, 1737 – December 13, 1813) is remembered as a vocal promoter of the potato as a food source (for humans) in France and throughout Europe. In France they often have food prepared on the premises such as 'canard Parmentier', which is cooked duck with a mashed potato topping, rather like a Shepherd's Pie.They are basically cubes of potatoes … In 1773, he even won an award from the Academy of Besancon for research that proved potatoes were a great source of nutrition for people suffering from dysentery. He was then appointed a member of the Institute in 1801 and began to focus his studies on hospitals and creating cheap soups. Over a moderate heat, add cubed potatoes and cook for 5-10 minutes, stirring occasionally to prevent potatoes browning or sticking to the pan. Simply refrigerate the leftover parmentier potatoes until needed, then pop on a baking tray and … Potato (history of Parmentier) Antoine Augustin Parmentier played a very important role in the democratization of potato consumption, something so basic now. This is amongst … Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Antoine Augustin Parmentier (12 Aug 1737–13 Dec 1813), Find a Grave Memorial no. But Parmentier was undeterred. https://www.farmersalmanac.com/author/amber-kanuckel. Parmentier saw the potato as the answer to famine in years when wheat crops were poor, but despite his best efforts, the potato still was not considered as valuable as Parmentier thought. Parmentier potatoes was named after a man called Antoine-Augustin Parmentier for promoting potatoes as a good source of food for human across France and Europe. Daylight Saving: When Does the Time Change? This guy was essentially responsible for the propagation of the potato in France. Parmentier potatoes are roasted cubes of potatoes, usually seasoned with herbs and garlic. Amber Kanuckel is a freelance writer from rural Ohio who loves all things outdoors. There is Hachis Parmentier, which is similar to shepherd’s pie with a mashed potato crust, and Potage Parmentier, which is potato and leek soup. With the publicity stunts failing to popularize potatoes, Parmentier tried a new tactic. The thefts helped to popularize potatoes somewhat, but unfortunately for Parmentier, all of this was happening during the lead up to the French Revolution. “Parmentier” refers to the dish’s inventor, the potato-loving Antoine-Augustin Parmentier who lived in the 18th century. Anything so fiercely guarded had to be worth stealing, right? Her article on woolly worm caterpillar folklore appears in the 2020 Farmers' Almanac. Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (1737–1813) – tattie head Parmentier suffered a major setback during the French Revolution in which his benefactor lost his head to the guillotine. Leave it to the French to take a lowly spud and make it a thing of passion and desire. Tot zijn … Notify me of follow-up comments by email. I hope you enjoy this recipe as much as me and my family. Both France and Belgium claim to be the birthplace of French fries, with anecdotal evidence saying that the invention took place in the 1780s in France or the early 1700s in Belgium. Antoine-Augustin Parmentier loved a potato. It's usually served as a side dish . Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (Montdidier August 12, 1737 – December 13, 1813) is remembered as a vocal promoter of the potato as a food source (for humans) in France and throughout Europe. Place large baking tray in oven and preheat to 375º F. Meanwhile melt butter and stir in parsley and garlic, if using. In fact, the French Parliament officially banned potatoes in 1748. In early fall, in Maine’s far northern Aroostook County, schools close for “potato recess”—also known as harvest break—as students help out with the potato harvest. 1 clove garlic, crushed (optional) Your browser does not support the audio element. It offered twenty potato recipes and invited the public to submit more.”[3]. The king then questioned Parmentier about the potato and was persuaded to allow a small plot for Parmentier to cultivate potatoes on the royal estate. Parmentier was a Frenchman credited with introducing the potato to France and his name is often used in potato dishes. The potato had been introduced from South America to Europe by the Spaniards at the beginning of the 16th century. History of parmentier potatoes. Famine was rampant, and in fact, potatoes were used to help fight starvation in northern France in 1785. Public domain. This is where I inherited my love for potatoes, Further, it can be deleted based on my request. Then he sat and back waited. King Louis XVI granted him a large plot of land at Sablons in 1781. Heat oil in large frying pan. Over a moderate heat, add cubed potatoes and cook for 5-10 minutes, stirring occasionally to prevent potatoes browning or sticking to the pan. It was introduced to the rest of Europe by 1640, but (outside Spain and Ireland) was usually used only for animal feed. If any enterprising potato bandits offered a bribe in exchange for potatoes, the guards were instructed to take the bribe, no matter how large or small. I have yet to find a way I don’t love potatoes. Louis XVI visiting Parmentier’s potato field. But that wasn’t always the case. According to one account: “Some peasants stole a few potatoes; other imitated them; and at last the whole crop was disseminated among the inhabitants of the neighboring villages, and the good qualities of [the potato] … were sufficiently well proved to efface all traces of old prejudices.”[1], Another story claims that Parmentier wanted Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette‘s support as he knew their support would encourage Frenchmen everywhere to eat potatoes. While the potato was becoming a part of European cooking ever since the Spaniards brought them to the continent in the mid-1500s, the French were not so hot on the potato. This encouraged courtiers to also begin to cultivate the potato, and, consequently, the unpopular potato became the “potato popular not only among the poor, but [also] among the wealthy classes.”[2]. Thanks for makig me so humgry before breakfast, and not a single potato in the place! The French agronomist Antoine-Augustin Parmentier made them popular and this tasty little dish is named after him. In return, King Louis gave Parmentier a load of land west of Paris to grow even more potatoes on. Tijdens zijn krijgsgevangenschap in koninkrijk Pruisen kregen de Franse manschappen, in dienst van de keurvorst van Hannover, twee weken lang alleen aardappelen te eten. by Jim Clarke June 6, 2018 History’s Greatest Potato Promoter Relied on Science and Stunts You might be wondering, how French fries, the most famous of all potato dishes, were invented? Determined to prove to his people that potatoes were, in fact, good, he started holding publicity stunts that included potatoes. Give it a try for Thanksgiving this year! An ardent love for humanity was the genius that inspired Parmentier. Almanac Publishing Co. All Rights Reserved. Mix parsley/garlic butter in with the potatoes and sprinkle with rosemary and season. Years later, in 1886, to honor the man who made potatoes popular in France, the town of Parmentier’s birthplace, Montdidier in Somme, decided to hold a festival. He planted a field of potatoes in Sablon, hired a day guard, and spread a false report that he was growing something extremely valuable. In addition, there was a meeting to discuss the various types of potatoes and how they would be designated in the future. Parmentier’s prison experience was transformational. You have found the final resting place of Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, history’s greatest potato promoter. Prep the Veggies Peel the potatoes and dice them into 1cm (half an inch) cubes. . By 1772, his mission was to prove to the French that potatoes were delicious and good for you, and in that same year, the French government repealed the potato ban because of Parmentier’s pioneering work. To that end, in 1793, the group that oversaw food supplies, the Commission on Subsistence and Provisions, printed ten thousand copies of a pamphlet composed by Parmentier that described potato cultivation. Fishing Lures: Why Picking The Right Color Matters, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, Full Moon Calendar – Dates, Times and Names, Groundhog Day: Forecast, Facts, and Folklore, Saint Patrick's Day: History, Folklore, and Ideas, Thanksgiving Day (Recipes, Traditions and Trivia). Once, Parmentier made a bouquet of potato flowers to give to the King and Queen of France. Chinese New Year: Traditions and Superstitions, Spring Equinox and the First Day of Spring, Summer Solstice and the First Day of Summer, https://www.farmersalmanac.com/potato-leek-soup-20138. There he was only fed with potatoes which were considered at the time as degrading food. This delicious potato dish is named after Antoine Augustin Parmentier, a pharmacist who made potatoes popular in France. A native of the Picardy region, Parmentier enrolled in the army medical service under Louis XV and began his career during the Seven Years' War. Copyright ©2021. 3 tablespoons butter (melted) At the beginning, specificity of South America and more precisely of Peru, the potato is brought to Europe during the 16th century. The French population, however, thought potatoes were good only for feeding farm animals. Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (French pronunciation: [ɑ̃twanə.oɡystɛ̃ paʁmɑ̃tje]; Montdidier 12 August 1737 – 13 December 1813) is remembered as a vocal promoter of the potato as a food source for humans in France and throughout Europe. Parmentier Potatoes is a recipe named after an 18 th century Frenchman who advocated for potatoes so much, he was alleged to have given bouquets of potato blossoms to royalty! The story of mashed potatoes takes 10,000 years and traverses the mountains of Peru and the Irish countryside; it features cameos from Thomas … He would regale guests with potato dishes, and he even presented a bouquet of potato flowers to Louis XVI. Parmentier was buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, in a plot ringed by potato plants, and among the many accolades he received was this one: “Few men … have been fortunate enough to render their country so important services. Antoine-Augustin Parmentier. So, he encouraged the raising and eating of potatoes, and this resulted in a 15% increase in the production of potatoes. Winter Solstice: When Is It, And What Is It? Montdidier statue of Parmentier. Sure enough, before too long, people began stealing Parmentier’s potatoes. They refused to accept the vegetable, referring to it as “hog feed” and believing that these tubers caused leprosy. When Parmentier returned to France in 1763, he began to use his degree as a pharmacist to conduct pioneering studies in nutritional chemistry. 1 tablespoon oil Antoine-Augustin Parmentier was the man who made potatoes popular in France in the 1700s. Unfortunately, by this time, Parmentier’s health was failing, and he died on 13 December 1813. Curiosity got the better of the local peasants, who at night stole into his potato patch and dug up the potatoes. When he was released at the end of the war, Parmentier returned to his studies in Paris. Roast for 30-45 mins, stirring halfway to prevent sticking. Public domain. salt and pepper to taste. baked, salad, twice baked, scalloped, potato soup, V SHU SWA ? Antoine-Augustin Parmentier. Parmentier showing potatoes to Louis XVI. It was during this time that the Prussians captured and imprisoned him, forcing him to eat potatoes as his prison rations. King Frederick II of Prussiahad required peasants to cultivate the plants under severe penal… The potato has come a long way to be a very popular vegetable in the United States and throughout Europe. In fact, he considered the potato so valuable and nutritious, he began to consider how he might overcome the prejudices of the French public against the humble potato. Unlike Russians who were willing to eat potatoes, Frenchmen considered them hog feed, and, in fact, in 1748, the French Parlement forbade people from cultivating them because they thought potatoes caused leprosy. Parmentier … The Queen placed the purple flower in her hair, and the King put his in his buttonhole. We like to think we’re carrying on this important pro-potato work with our slimmed down version of a dish that’s typically swimming in oil, so it’s ideal for anyone following diets like Weight Watchers. Exactly how this came to pass, involves several stories. While the potato was becoming a part of European cooking ever since the Spaniards brought them to the continent in the mid-1500s, the French were not so hot on the potato. Parle vous Francais? These Easy Homemade Parmentier Potatoes also reheat beautifully…if you make too many that is! So, one day as the royal couple were walking in the gardens of Versailles, he presented each with a potato flower from the Solanum tuberosum. Napoleon also approved other ideas of Parmentier, such as processing sugar from beets, which resulted in another award for Parmentier. His interest in potatoes began after he was captured during the Seven Years’ War and found himself imprisoned in Russia eating mounds of potatoes. These days in Paris you’ll find an avenue and a metro stop which also bear his name. Thus, within a year, “a cookbook appeared with the charming title of La cuisinière (The Republican Cook). He was an avid believer in the potato’s health benefits and potential as a wheat alternative. 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