Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 10, 1977, resulted in a slight improvement in gain and an improved feed efficiency. Key properties of different types of diets vis a vis livestock feed. is known as Swine Day, 1977 Seventy-two crossbred finishing pigs averaging 55.9 kg. Bright Future? Previous research (Bennett, A.S., Anex, R.P., 2008. ICRISAT-bred promising sweet sorghum variety ICSV 25274. Sweet sorghum is a multipurpose biofuel feedstock that offers grain for human consumption, fodder for livestock and ethanol for transportation purposes. the issue of biofuels. There was no statistical difference in intake (DMI) and live weight gain (LWG) between bulls fed the bagasse plus stripped leaf based blocks (DMI of 3.7% of live weight and 0.73 kg/d of LWG) and bulls fed the original sorghum stover based commercial feed block (DMI of 3.5% of live weight and 0.82 kg/d of LWG). Color analysis of the flours revealed that TDSF has the lightest color (L * value of 88.61), followed by UDSF, BDSF and USF, respectively. By Jackie Linden | July 5, 2019. is known as Swine Day, 1977 One hundred eight crossbred, weaned pigs averaging 10.0ks (22.1 lbs.) Utilization of sorghum to improve nutrition and health among Filipinos is limited due to insufficient information from research on the crop as a source of valuable nutrients and health promoting phytochemicals. The color of the flour has an impact on sensory perception and was observed that the darker the flour, the more it becomes undesirable. no element is a credible candidate for doing the entire job (or even half the job) by itself, the portfolio as a whole is 536 sorghum supplier products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which sorghum accounts for 31%, flour mill accounts for 4%. The stalk yield was highest for treatments T5 and T6 in main crop and in the ratoon crop however, the treatment T4 recorded the highest stalk yield. On the island of Mindanao in the Philippines, production of sorghum is being trialed to supplement domestic corn for livestock feeds, and tests are also underway to improve soybean cultivation. Internationally, sweet sorghum projects are proceeding slowly. MANILA, Philippines (Xinhua) - Sweet sorghum is emerging as an alternative and cheaper feed for the growing Philippine livestock industry that has long depended on imported corn and wheat. Sorghum is a drought-tolerant rainfed crop that requires about 30 % less nitrogen fertilizer than corn to produce equal amount of ethanol per acre under non-irrigated conditions. Commercialization and marketing and the ethanol industry outlook are This paper focuses on the potential of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) as an alternate raw material for bio-ethanol and bio-energy production, highlighting its advantages (in terms of cost of cultivation, cost of ethanol production, and ethanol productivity) over sugarcane molasses. 9: 1-10, Biomass yield and changes in chemical composition of sweet sorghum cultivars grown for biofuel, Bio-Fuel Crops Research for Energy Security and Rural Development in Developing Countries, Sweet sorghum—A potential alternate raw material for bio-ethanol and bio-energy, Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years with Current Technologies, Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China, Growth Stages of Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor, (L.) Moench. The objective of this study was to develop an acceptable, nutritious, and healthful coffee substitute from sweet sorghum grains. stakeholders in the Philippines and in other countries as well. The field tests of sweet sorghum at MMSU have shown encouraging results. Excellent genetic and genomic resources exist for improvement of sorghum as a bioenergy source. It that can be cultivated for simultaneous production of grain for food or feed, and utilisation of juice from stalk in production of value-added products like syrup and ethanol. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. It can also be used to make alcoholic beverages, flour, flatbread and snack foods. Previous research, however, did not include costs associated with off-farm transportation, storage, or capital costs associated with milling and energy recovery equipment that are required to provide FC suitable for biological conversion. Sweet Sorghum in the Philippines: Status and Future chronicles sweet sorghum’s introduction, testing and selection, seed system development, growth of the local breeding program besides the process of sensitizing government organizations and private sector players to the issue of biofuels. Its characteristics of rapid growth, higher biomass potential, wider adaptability to harsh agroclimatic conditions, along with its metal-absorbing property, are propelling the use of this novel feedstock in phytoremediation also. The knowledge on sugar components at different phenological stages of crop growth and identification of appropriate stage of harvesting is critical for sweet sorghum commercialization and value chain sustenance. The sweet sorghum variety, ICSV 93046 is commercially cultivated in large areas in India and the Philippines. Series of technical discussions and plantation tours shaped the said summit. MANILA, Philippines — The Department of Agriculture (DA) wants to propagate sweet sorghum, a grain crop used as raw material for feeds, amid tight … Sweet sorghum belongs to the second type, and it contains some sugars in its sap. It has found limited use, however, because of poor post-harvest storage characteristics and short harvest window in cooler climates. Total CEY from the carbohydrates increased with time after anthesis and with crop cycle length, ranging between 4867 and 13032 L ha−1 on 40 DAA during the two years. crop research and development, and bio-fuels production. Sweet sorghum is grown as a syrup or molasses. The crop is mostly unknown in the country and is now being developed as a key item to address food security. Related studies such as economic and life cycle analyses, as well as process improvement, may also be incorporated with the results of this study to provide comprehensive information on selecting a suitable feedstock for sustainable PHA production. were used (in a 3 x 2 factorial design) to compare performance when fed sorghum, corn, or wheat with 0 or 4% added fat (tallow). ]1, Production, transportation and milling costs of sweet sorghum as a feedstock for centralized bioethanol production in the upper Midwest, Commercialization of sweet sorghum as a complementary feedstock for ethanol production in the sugar mills of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat Investor: Department of Biotechnology, Govt of India Partners: IIMR, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, National Federation of Co-operative Sugar Factories, sugar mills and ICRISAT CGIAR Research Program: Dryland Cereals, Rations containing sorghum, corn, or wheat with 0 or 4% added fat for weaned pigs, Future Prospects for Sorghum as a Water-Saving Crop, Effect of grain source and 0 or 4% added fat on performance of finishing pigs, Estimation of a Wheat Acreage Response Function for Kansas. The most active countries have strong biofuels programs including Brazil and the Philippines. The sweet sorghum hybrid — called SSH 104 — is rich in sugar that can be easily converted into ethanol. reference to researchers, students, entrepreneurs, policymakers and other Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 10, 1977, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Cultivation of Sweet Sorghum on Heavy Metal-Contaminated Soils by Phytoremediation Approach for Production of bioethanol, Physicochemical and functional properties determination of flour, unmodified starch and acid-modified starch of Philippine-grown sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench), Characterization of flour made from Philippine-grown sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) using different pre-processing treatments. In general terms, the production of ethanol from the hemicellulose and cellulose in bagasse was more favorable than burning it to make power, but the relative merits of making ethanol or sugar from the juice was very sensitive to the price of sugar in China. “Sweet Sorghum production is a job-creation investment.” Thus stated Director General William D. Dar of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT) during the field visit to some farms in Northern Philippines … The main component of the sugar in sweet sorghum stem is saccharose. Eighteen hybrids and 16 varieties of sweet sorghum were investigated for yields of grain, stover, juice extract for bio-ethanol distillation and bagasse and the relationships between these productive traits. In this article, we discuss the potential benefits of bio-fuels in Sweet sorghum has been identified as a possible ethanol feedstock because of its biomass yield and high concentration of readily fermentable sugars. In line with this, the study aimed to characterize and determine the physicochemical, microbial and sensorial properties of sorghum flour prepared using different production and pre-process treatments. Sorghum requires less water and can survive in dry weather. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is similar to grain sorghum with sugar-rich stalks. In the Philippines, sugarcane is considered a primary source for ethanol production. also discussed. Based on the results, it was identified that the feedstock composition criterion was given a higher weight over the economic criterion. . of sensitizing government organizations and private sector players to Sweet sorghum seeds being formally handed over to Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, President of the Philippines, by APJ Kalam, President of India. and development in the Philippines. (123.0 lbs.) According to the professor heading the project, Rex Demafelis, the company was able to produce 247 liters of fuel grade ethanol for every ton of sorghum syrup. Although The hybrid sweet sorghum variety seeds used was part of the seeds distributed by DA Secretary Emmanuel F. Piñol to the DA Regional Offices during the first Sorghum Field Day at North Cotabato. increasing the farmers’ incomes, reducing environment pollution, the crop options and research and development interventions by banana pseudostem and sugarcane bagasse. These stages are suggested as standards to describe the timing of sampling or treating sorghum. Philippines trials sorghum, soy cultivation for feed. sweet sorghum’s introduction, testing and selection, seed system In the Philippines, San Carlos Bioenergy has produced its first batch of ethanol from sweet sorghum in their San Carlos City plant. We expect a huge impact on biomass yield, quality, and conversion efficiency with appropriate plant breeding and biotechnology tools in order to develop energy sorghum germplasm that allows highly efficient production of biofuel. The response of ICSV 93046 to six fertilizer treatments viz., T1 (control: 80 kg N ha−1 and 40 kg P2O5 ha−1); T2 (designed fertilizer from a commercial source); T3 (N + P with Zn and B soil application); T4 (N + P with Zn and B soil application); T5 (N + P with foliar application of 0.1 % sodium borate and T6 (N + P with foliar application of 0.5 % ZnSO4 and 0.1 % sodium borate) was evaluated during the post-rainy season (December–March, 2009–2010) as main (plant) crop and during summer season (April–July, 2010) as ratoon crop. The stable hybrid, based on additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) and GGE biplot analysis that performed well across seasons and over the years for grain yield and stalk sugar yield is: 'ICSSH 28'. Differences in in vitro digestibility of bagasse plus stripped leaves were also substantial, ranging from 39.3 to 49.1% in hybrids and from 42.0 to 50.4% in varieties. According to the Celiac Sprue Association, it is an appropriate and gluten-free flour substitute. Sweet Sorghum in the Philippines: Status and Future chronicles were used to compare rations containing sorghum, corn, or wheat with 0 or 4% added fat (tallow) on performance of young pigs. Niño, Bohol). This study also revealed that SSCS could be a potential health and nutritious beverage as its powder provides energy from carbohydrates and protein, is low in fat particularly saturated fat, contains essential fatty acids, and has dietary fiber. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The gelatinization temperature range of sorghum flour was found to be 63°C - 77°C while sorghum starch was in the range of 61°C - 71°C. PCARRD, this lucid and comprehensive publication is a valuable source As a solution, lignocellulosic agricultural residues can be used as feedstock to lower the production cost. Sweet sorghum is a high biomass and sugar yielding crop. development, growth of the local breeding program besides the process GRA showed that corn stover was the most preferred lignocellulosic substrate for PHA production, followed Sweet sorghum pureline-SPV 422 was planted and evaluated at one cropping season at different trial sites with a total land area of 7 hectares. Sweet sorghum is related to grain sorghum but has been developed for greater production of sugar and biomass (Figure 1). It is rapidly gaining popularity. The produced flours were categorized as follows: a) undehulled sorghum flour (USF), b) untempered-dehulled sorghum flour (UDSF), c) tempered-dehulled sorghum flour (TDSF) and d) boiled-dehulled sorghum flour (BDSF). The plantation, agronomic performance and actual bioethanol production of sweet sorghum was evaluated on different plantation sites nationwide. The potential of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) as substitute to durable petroleum-based plastics is currently explored because of its biodegradability and satisfactory properties. The palatability of bagasse and stripped leaves to cattle was investigated by incorporation of the distillery residues of one sweet sorghum variety into a commercial feed block, replacing the traditionally used (non sweet) sorghum stover. Being a water-use efficient crop, sweet sorghum has the potential to be a good alternative feedstock for ethanol production. Samplings often are designated by calendar date, days after planting or emergence, or plant height. Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a relatively new (feed) crop in the Philippines, planted on an area of only 8337 ha in 1978. Farm-gate production costs of sweet sorghum as a bioethanol feedstock. The present findings suggest that the three products have different potential applications and are suitable for making sauces, thickeners and pastries. The plant will be operational by November 2008. Sweet sorghum is a C4 crop valued for food, feed, fodder, fiber, and fuel. The combined ANOVA showed that there were no significant differences observed between main and ratoon crops and the treatment interactions for the qualitative and quantitative component traits of sugar yield measured and also no significant differences observed for main and ratoon crop except for non-significant numerical differences giving a trend. (Documentation). The National Sweet Sorghum Program (NSSP) is consolidating investments for a 500 to 1,000-hectare land for sweet sorghum as bioethanol feedstock which has a … CANDABA, Pampanga, Philippines—Test farming of sweet sorghum in the last six years showed crop production in the Philippines to be 50 percent higher than in India, increasing the crop’s potential as a source of food, fodder and fuel in local communities, according to a top crop scientist. We recommend beginning the harvest of sweet sorghum upon the early maturity of the cultivars from around 20 DAA. Cellulose and hemicellulose yields changed between 1.6 and 6.6 t ha−1 from anthesis to 40 DAA. Juice extract yields from the stems were not significantly related to grain yields. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology. The seeds were planted on March 5 on a 2,500 sq. besides the role of ICRISAT in sweet sorghum research, development and However, its high production cost – primarily due to the cost of substrate – limits its commercialization. Adding 4% fat (to each grain ration). In the Philippines, the high demand of ethanol for blending with petrol (gasoline) with sweet sorghum as biofuel source has necessitated large-scale production of this crop (. Reddy, B V S and Layaoen, H and Dar, W D and Srinivasa Rao, P and Eusebio, J E The differences in stover fodder quality traits were significant: nitrogen content ranged from 0.44 to 0.72% in hybrids and from 0.50 to 0.89% in varieties while in vitro digestibility ranged from 43.8 to 54.5% in hybrids and from 48.8 to 54.8% in varieties. These are NTJ 02, SPV 422, ICSV 93046, CSR 93034, and ICSV 700. 2004, sweet sorghum was successfully introduced and tested in the Philippines. Water absorption capacities of flour and starch were 145% and 96-103%, respectively.The swelling capacity (2-6%) and solubility (1-3%) were minimal. The stems comprised major sinks of soluble sugar, with 79.4–94.6% of TSSY, and major sinks of insoluble sugar, with 55.9–75.9% of the total cellulose and hemicellulose yield. Every element in this portfolio has passed beyond The sweet sorghum growers are enthusiastic as the ratoon (new shoot) yields are about 20-25% higher than that of plant crop. Aboveground dry weight (AGDW) and total soluble sugar yield (TSSY, 1.3–10.5 t ha−1) increased with time after anthesis and with crop cycle length. Results showed that the chemical properties of Philippine made sorghum flour were within the limits set by Codex Standard 173-1989 for sorghum flour prodcution. Other flours failed to meet the minimum protein content of 8.5%. 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